In United States v. Medley, the Fourth Circuit vacated a defendant’s conviction for violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1), possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, after finding that the failure to include the knowledge-of-felon-status element in the defendant’s indictment was a plain error affecting the defendant’s substantial rights.
In Casa De Maryland, Inc. v. Trump, the Fourth Circuit declined to define what individuals would be included in the Immigration and Nationality Act’s “public charge” provision, which states “that any alien ‘who is likely at any time to become a public charge is inadmissible.’”
In United States v. Curry, the Fourth Circuit held that the exigent circumstances doctrine did not justify the suspicionless stop of the defendant. The exigent circumstances doctrine, the majority opinion noted, typically involves emergencies justifying a warrantless search of a home, not an investigatory stop of a person.