Fourth Circuit Summaries

Week 39 (2020)

In Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board, the Fourth Circuit denied the petition to rehear a case en banc where it previously held that the Gloucester County School Board violated the Equal Protection Clause when it prohibited a transgender student from using the men’s restroom.

Week 38 (2020)

In Barrett v. PAE Government Services, the Fourth Circuit affirmed the district court’s grant of summary judgment in favor the defendants—two Arlington County, Virginia police officers and one of the County’s mental health examiners—after the defendants were sued under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.

Week 37 (2020)

In United States v. McCain, the Fourth Circuit held that sentencing a seventeen-year-old to life in prison without the possibility of parole did not violate the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment.

Week 35 (2020)

In Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board, the Fourth Circuit held that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. § 1681(a), protect transgender students from school bathroom policies that prohibit them from affirming their gender.

Week 34 (2020)

In United States v. Medley, the Fourth Circuit vacated a defendant’s conviction for violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1), possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, after finding that the failure to include the knowledge-of-felon-status element in the defendant’s indictment was a plain error affecting the defendant’s substantial rights.

Week 33 (2020)

In Wilcox v. Lyons, the Fourth Circuit upheld the district court’s dismissal of an employee’s retaliation claim premised on retaliation for reporting alleged sex discrimination.